Diagnosis and Management of Hyperglycemic Cases: Diabetic Ketoacidosis and the Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State

Diagnosis and Management of Hyperglycemic Crises: Diabetic Ketoacidosis and the Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State

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Key Points

  • DKA and HHS are life-threatening emergencies.

  • Management involves

    • Attention to precipitating cause

    • Fluid and electrolyte management

    • Insulin therapy

    • Patient monitoring

    • Prevention of metabolic complications during recovery

    • Transition to long-term therapy

  • Patient education and discharge planning should aim at prevention of recurrence.

Suggested Reading

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